Implementing the ISCHEMIA Trial: A Case Study

This week a 59-year old woman traveled 2 hours to my office for a 2nd opinion. She was 5’3 and weighed 252 lbs., down from a peak of 320 lbs. a few years earlier. She had been diagnosed and treated for Type 2 diabetes mellitus since the year 2000 and had been treated for hypertension and hyperlipidemia for a decade. She had been treated once with laser for retinopathy and had mild peripheral neuropathy. She never smoked. Due to progressive kidney failure, she began hemodialysis in 2014 and had a kidney transplant in 2017. She had a carotid endarterectomy in 2016. She denied…